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PHWFF

The Hook & Hackle Company encourages support of those "Wounded Warriors" who have suffered physical and/or emotional injury as a result of their service to our great country.

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Rose River Farm, Virginia's finest private water trout fishing experience, has just gotten even better. Now in addition to over a mile of private water managed for Trophy Trout (all strictly on the fly and catch and release) they have added luxury rental cabins. As an introductory special ....

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PHWFF

The Hook & Hackle Company highly endorses this fine bonefish, tarpon & permit fishing destination. Our recent visit there exceeded our expectations many times over.

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Nora's colorful artwork just blow's me away! Best known for her watercolors, Nora has spent time painting on location all over the U.S.

 

I recently purchased a couple of prints from her Rich Pool Series which have become instant favorites!

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From time to time, we will feature different folks who are making a difference to fly fishing, conservation, outdoor art, helping others & so on. We welcome your suggestions for this column.


Peter C. Thompson, artist, writer, fly fisher & conservationist is our current feature.

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The USA Youth Fly Fishing Team is a carefully selected group of young anglers from across the United States

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Chum Salmon, December 2011, Fish of the Month!

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Chum Salmon

Oncorhynchus keta

Local Names:

Dog Salmon, Chum, Calico Salmon,

Fall Salmon, Keta, Hayko, Qualla

Average Size:

24 to 32 inches

8 to 12 pounds

Distinguishing Field Marks:

Color and color pattern are reliable distinguishing field marks for this species. (See the illustrations.)

North American Range:alt1

Map to the right shows approximate range in North America.

Diet:

In their shorter spawning streams, young-of-the-year Chum salmon do not feed when out-migrating. In longer rivers they feed on small immature insect larvae, especially midges. When at sea, young and adults feed on small invertebrates then graduate to larger fare, including shrimps, squids, and fish. Adults returning to spawn in their natal streams do not feed.

Fly Fishing for Chum Salmon:

Like the Pink salmon, Chum salmon have not received the fishing attention given to Chinook and Coho salmon. Historically, a few local anglers would troll for Chum salmon with bait and lures in near-shore salt waters.

The recent expansion of everything fly-fishing has seen a growing number of fly-fishers encountering wild Chum salmon on their up-stream migrations and found them to be strong fighters of very respectable size. Although they do not feed in fresh water, Chum salmon will take a well-presented wet fly tied in bright colors and with plenty of flash.

Fly equipment for Chum salmon should be in the 7 to 9 weight class. Especially in the larger rivers, Chum salmon may be up-migrating with Chinooks and Cohos, so, for these waters, the heavier end of that spectrum is advised. For any salmon fishing, a reel with large backing capacity and a smooth reliable drag is a necessity.

As is the case with all anadromous fish species, successful fishing outings will depend on careful study of the water to be fished. Local on-stream knowledge is best and visiting fly-rodders should invest in getting to know the locals through guide, outfitting, and tackle services.

Because, this is not a “glamour” fish, it will probably be many more years before the Chum salmon takes its rightful place with Steelhead, Chinook salmon and Coho salmon. Because of that status, Chums will likely continue to be incidentals that save a not-so-good salmon fishing trip to waters within their broad range. But, as the WWII saying goes, “Smoke ‘em if you got ‘em.”