Fly Fishing Links
& Resources


The Hook & Hackle Company encourages support of those "Wounded Warriors" who have suffered physical and/or emotional injury as a result of their service to our great country.

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Rose River Farm, Virginia's finest private water trout fishing experience, has just gotten even better. Now in addition to over a mile of private water managed for Trophy Trout (all strictly on the fly and catch and release) they have added luxury rental cabins. As an introductory special ....

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The Hook & Hackle Company highly endorses this fine bonefish, tarpon & permit fishing destination. Our recent visit there exceeded our expectations many times over.

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David Ruimveld, is one of my favorite "Sporting Art" artists.

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From time to time, we will feature different folks who are making a difference to fly fishing, conservation, outdoor art, helping others & so on. We welcome your suggestions for this column.

Peter C. Thompson, artist, writer, fly fisher & conservationist is our current feature.

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Wilderness North – Ontario Canada's Premier Fly-in Adventure Provider!

Deep in the heart of the Northern Ontario wilderness lies an oasis for outdoor enthusiasts and anglers seeking a definitive Canadian adventure. Accessible only by floatplane, Wilderness North offers a haven for those who want to reconnect with nature.

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Mountain Whitefish, March 2011, Fish of the Month!

Mountain Whitefish

Prosopium williamsoni

Local Names:

Rocky Mountain whitefish, Williamson’s whitefish

Average Size:

8 to 12 inches

½ to ¾ lb.

Distinguishing Field Marks:

Trout-shaped body with adipose fin between dorsal and tail.
Relatively small head with a small mouth
Snout extends slightly beyond tip of lower jaw
Eyes are moderately large
Scales are of moderate size, with 74 to 90 along the lateral line.
The tail fin is moderately forked with pointed lobes

North American Range:

Map to the right shows approximate range in North America.


The very young feed entirely on plankton, then, as they grow larger feed almost exclusively on immature aquatic insects. Both as juveniles and adults, Mountain whitefish will feed on the occasional crustacean, mollusk, or small forage fish.

Fly Fishing for Mountain Whitefish:

This is another of our North American freshwater species that probably no one will travel to find and fish for. It is, however, a fish that nymphing fly fishers prospecting for trout in northwestern streams will sometimes frequently encounter. Mountain whitefish prefer cold, often high altitude streams. As almost exclusively bottom feeders, they will readily take a variety of nymphs, especially those tied with bead heads. A few of the more popular patterns are illustrated below. Should you find whitefish becoming a nuisance, and want to avoid them in favor of trout, simply fish mid or top water flies instead of nymphs on bottom.

You’re most likely to find a whitefish on your hook while you’re casting 4, 5, or 6 weight fly rods for trout. Should you decide to target this species, the lighter end of that spectrum is appropriate.

Remember that this species, like all members of the Whitefish clan, has a soft mouth. Should you want to kill some for the table (they are good eating) play them carefully to avoid tearing out the hook.


Recipes for above flies:


Hook - nymph 3X long sizes 10-16

Thread - black

Tail - natural guinea body feathers

Case or shell back - ringneck pheasant tail fibers

Body - yellow floss

Rib - peacock herl (single strand) (can omit or use ribbing wire, copper or green)

Hackle - brown schlappens (any webby hen or rooster hackle will do, even strung saddle)

Comments - Webby rooster hackles are easier to come by. Simply purchase a low grade rooster cape. The weighted version uses a few turns of soft lead wire. Personally, I like our Schlappens - Don Bastion uses this for what are often call throats, and it's easy to work with.

Zug Bug

Hook - standard nymph hook (1X long)

Thread - black

Tail - short peacock sword fibers

Body - peacock herl

Wingcase - lemon woodduck clipped short

Hackle - brown schlappens (any webby hen or rooster hackle will do, even strung saddle)

Comments - One of the most popular nymph patterns going. Effective as described and tied in the bead-head manner. The wooduck flank wing case can replaced by mallard flank. If you haven't tried our peacock swords, you're missing one of the most beautiful materials we well!

Bead Head Zug Bug

Comments - Add a bead! Duh!!

Hare's Ear

Hook - standard nymph hook

Thread - black

Tail - hare's mask guard hairs

Body - hare's ear dubbing

Rib - fine oval gold tinsel

Wing case - mottled turkey tail

Thorax - hare's ear dubbing

Bead Head Flashback Hare's Ear

Comments - substitute some flash material, e.g. pearlescent mylar, for the mottled turkey tail wingcase material.


Hook - nymph 3X long or 2X long

Thread - black

Tail - brown goose biots

Body - peacock herl

Rib - fine flat gold tinsel

Wings -white goose biots

Hackle - brown schlappens (any webby hen or rooster hackle will do, even strung saddle)

Comments - Weighted prince will incorporate several turns of soft lead wire. The bead head Prince nymph is best ties on a 2 or 3X dry fly hook to accomodate the bead head.


March Brown

Hook - nymph 2X sizes 10 - 14

Thread - brown

Tail - moose hair fibers

Body - brown floss

rib - stripped peacock herl (can omit or use ribbing wire, copper or green)

Wing case - grey duck quill (natural)

Thorax - peacock herl

Hackle - brown hackle palmered over thorax-hen or soft rooster. You can substitute any brown hackle that you have available. Don't worry ... the fish will like it even if you don't think it's perfect!